San Francesco, Assisi

   The Church of San Francesco is dedicated to St. Francis, a resident of Assisi. Construction began sometime after the saint's death in 1226, its purpose to mark his burial site and to serve as the mother church of the Franciscan Order he established. The building consists of an upper and lower church, both with a Latin cross plan with aisleless nave, transept, and apse. The naves feature a four-partite vault system and the lower basilica also includes side chapels. As the structure was erected with papal support and needed to reflect the power and wealth of the papacy, it is quite ostentatious and therefore at odds with the Franciscans' vow of poverty. The interiors in both churches are richly ornamented with frescoes executed by the most important masters of the 13th and 14th centuries who were either from Rome or somehow connected to the papacy. In the upper church, Cimabue was responsible for the apse and transept decorations (after 1279), the first featuring scenes from the life of the Virgin to whom St. Francis was especially devoted and the second the Crucifixion, Apocalypse, and lives of Sts. Peter and Paul. In c. 1287, Cimabue's pupil, Giotto (some question the attribution) painted 28 scenes from the life of St. Francis taken from St. Bonaventure's Legenda Maior, considered the official biography of the saint. Some of the vault frescoes in the upper church that depict scenes from the Book of Genesis have been attributed to Jacopo Torriti and dated to the 1290s. In c. 1328, in the lower church, Simone Martini frescoed the Montefiore Chapel with scenes from the life of St. Martin. During the same decorative campaign, Pietro Lorenzetti contributed scenes from the Passion (1325-1330) in the lower church transept. These treasures mark the Church of San Francesco as one of the most important landmarks of the Proto-Renaissance era.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Montefiore chapel, San Francesco, Assisi — (c. 1328)    The Montefiore Chapel, located in the Lower Church of San Francesco in Assisi, was executed for the Franciscan Cardinal Gentile Partino da Montefiore whose titular church was San Martino ai Monti, Rome. He had close ties to the House …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • San Francesco — ist der Name zahlreicher Kirchen in Italien: San Francesco (Arezzo) in Arezzo Basilika San Francesco in Assisi San Salvatore al Monte in Florenz San Francesco di Paola (Neapel) in Neapel San Francesco d’Assisi in Palermo San Francesco di Paola… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • San francesco al campo — Ajouter une image Fichier:San Francesco al Campo Stemma.png Administration Nom piémontais San Fransesch Pays  Italie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • San Francesco del Deserto — Die Insel San Francesco del Deserto Gewässer Lagune von Venedig …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • San Francesco al Campo — Administration Nom piémontais San Fransesch Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • San Francesco a Ripa — is a church in Rome. It is dedicated to Saint Francis of Assisi because the adjacent convent hosted his visit to Rome in 1229, while the term Ripa refers to the nearby river edge of the Tiber.HistoryThe origins of this church are related to… …   Wikipedia

  • San Francesco (Viterbo) — San Francesco Die Basilika San Francesco alla Rocca ist eine Kirche in Viterbo in der italienischen Region Latium. Sie befindet sich auf dem Colle di Sonza in der Nordostecke der Stadtmauer bei der Porta Fiorentina: Sie ist dem Heiligen Franz von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • San Francesco d' Assisi a Ripa Grande — Basisdaten Patrozinium: Hl. Franziskus von Assisi Weihetag: Kardinalpriester: Norberto Rivera Carrera Anschrift: Piazza di San Francesco d’Ass …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • San Francesco a Ripa — Basisdaten Patrozinium: Hl. Franziskus von Assisi Weihetag: Kardinalpriester: Norberto Rivera Carrera Anschrift: Piazza di San Francesco d’Assisi 88 00153 Roma …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • San Francesco d’Assisi — Portal der Kirche Kirchenin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.